Farming has been an integral part of the rural livelihood systems in Odisha, all through the known history of the state. The predominant farming system in Odisha is the mixed crop-livestock farming system and over 90 per cent of farms of all categories conform to this farming system. The livestock wealth of Odisha is impressive in numbers across all species, constituting a natural resource base with immense livelihood implications, even though productivity levels are very low. Livestock holding in Odisha is equitable as over 80 per cent of all livestock are owned by the marginal / small holders and the land less. Some 80 per cent of all rural households own livestock of one species or the other, or a combination of some of them, cattle being the most popular and therefore, the preponderant species. The sector has ample scope to substantially enhance the production to meet the domestic market demands, create employment and income generating opportunities for the rural poor and enhance their food and livelihood security.
Till 1st April 1993, Jajpur was one of the Sub- Divisions of undivided Cuttack District. The head quarter of AH district Jajpur was situated at Japur Road, headed by one District Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Officer. The Animal Husbandry activities of the Sub- Division were implemented and monitored by him. Subsequently, the head quarter was shifted to Jajpur Town. On 01.04. 19193, the Sub- Division was declared as an independent district. However, after the reorganization of the department, the Chief District Veterinary Officer post was created in year 2008.
Though the District is popular in the State for different industries, it is predominantly an agricultural district with more than 70% of its population depend on Agriculture and allied sector for their livelihood. Animal Husbandry in particular has been adopted by the farming community of the district since long. Livestock on or more than one type including cattle, buffalo, sheep, gaot, pigs and poultry are being reared by the farmer for their sustenance. The indigenous cattle of this district like Binjharpuri Cattle has been registered as one of the registered cattle breeds of our country. In small animal resources, the district is highly rich in small animals particularly goats. Among the tribal farming community mostly found in blocks like Sukinda, Danagadi & Korei goat rearing is very popular and they directly or indirectly depend upon these animals for social, cultural and economic need. In poultry sector, the district is self sufficient in production of broiler meat with a good number of broiler farms do exist all over the district. In addition, there are a number of non descript birds which are reared by the farmers in their back yard.